Geographic Location QATAR
1. Area: 11,437 km2
2. Topographic / Borders: Persian Gulf (North, East and West)
                                        Saudi Arabia and the UAE (South)

3. Large cities / Travel: Doha - State of Qatar Capital
                          Mesaieed: 38 Km
                          Al-Khor: 58 Km
                          Ras Laffan: 85 Km
                          Madinat Al-Shamal: 112 Km
                           Dukhan: 89 Km
                          Abu Samra: 98 Km

4. I k l i m: Tropical
                  Summer: June-September
                  Winter: October to May

1. Political parties System
Qatar to date has no political party. People's political participation is channeled through the Municipal Council which was formed in March 1999. Plan elections to elect members of parliament are expected to use direct selection, rather than by choosing the party to be formed before elections are held.
2. Shura Council
In Qatar's political structure does not clearly mention of Legislative / Parliament, but is better known is the Shura Council Institutions. In accordance with its function, as long as this Shura Council has held consultations with the Government in various matters, such as the discussion of the Municipal Council elections (Central Municipal Council / CMC) directly through the general pemillihan followed also by women, and revision of the Constitution while. Qatar Shura Council is chaired by Mohammed bin Mubarak Al-Kholefi.
3. Government System
Law of the State of Qatar a new force on June 8, 2005 and stated that Qatar is an Arab country and sovereign independence, Islam is the official religion and Shari'ah (Islamic Law) is the basic source of legislation. Democracy is the basis for the system of government.
Government to implement the sovereignty of all territories and territorial waters up to the international border. Qatar has the sovereign right to refuse or withdraw from any part of the territory or waters. The government is responsible in maintaining the integrity, security and stability of countries also use all potential resources to defend every act of aggression.
As per Law, Head of Government is the Qatar Crown Prince Amir with his deputy, and assisted by a Cabinet headed by Prime Minister, so that the Prime Minister is not the supreme head of the Government, but it is Amir's servant in the Government.
The government is believed to control and supervise the national economy in an effort to enhance economic development through planning and technical cooperation with international institutions with experience. Private ownership, capital and labor as a form of basic social infrastructure of a country regarded as a personal right, guaranteed and regulated by the Act.
The government also gives freedom in trying as long as it does not conflict with the interests of the state. Every effort intended to give equal opportunities to every citizen on the basis of social justice is strengthened by the Act.
The government guarantees the human rights of every citizen, including the right of residence, freedom of press and information as well as private property. These rights can not be restricted unless the practice of such rights contrary to the Act or the public interest. The Constitution requires that each and every citizen to comply with public order and respect for moral rules and social customs.
4. Justice System
At first Qatari judicial system has two types of justice systems, namely: Civil Justice (Civil Court) that decided cases of civil and trade, and the Religious (Sharia Court) decided a criminal case and hudud (Syariah Islamiah). In accordance with the drastic changes made to the Amir of Qatar to adjust the new constitution, especially in the field of Justice and the law, courts in Qatar are now under one roof and have the parts that deal with judicial proceedings in khusus.Tingkatan also increases, which previously only recognize the court of first instance and appeal level, there is now a court of cassation.
Judges at all levels of courts appointed by the Amir and decide all matters on behalf of the Amir, and Amir directly responsible. High Council of Justice who serves handle matters relating to administrative judges.
Other legal devices, the prosecutor initially is a department under the Ministry of Home Affairs which is equivalent to the police, the prosecutors who have police powers as they deem fit, but starting in 2003, along with the reforms that encouraged Amir to adjustment to the new Constitution, now Attorney institutions is an independent institution is located and bertanggungn reporting directly to the Amir.
With the change of status, now Attorney (Public Presecution) may conduct an investigation, inquiry and inspection to anyone, including against members of the cabinet, as has happened several times in the year 2005.
5. Power in the system Keamiran
In accordance with the Constitution a new system of governmental power in Qatar is hereditary within the Al-Thani family, which transferred power from father to son who had been appointed earlier to the Crown Prince. If Amir does not have children (especially boys), Amir has the right to appoint a Crown Prince of Al-Thani family in consultation with the Family Council.
The Crown Prince was appointed by the Amir of his own son in accordance with the new Constitution and the title of "His Highness The Heir Apparent". Amir is the holder of supreme executive power with the assistance of Crown Prince and the Council of Ministers. Amir is also the supreme legislative authority, assisted by the Shura Council. However, the new Constitution explicitly set all the rights and obligations of Amir of Qatar, and other laws of the Cabinet are also set all the rights and duties of the minister.

State of Qatar is fully follow the system of free economy, and in 1994 officially became a member of the 121 World Trade Organization (WTO). Qatar country trading partners that dominate the markets, its imports were U.S., Japan, Britain, Germany, Italy and France, while the trading partner with Far East countries associated with the export of petroleum, LNG, petrochemical, iron and fertilizer.
State of Qatar is a small country in the Middle East region which has abundant natural resources such as petroleum and natural gas. With billions of dollars of investment has been done for oil field development projects and natural gas have given Qatar a very positive impact on the acceptance of state GDP.
Seen from Qatar's GDP in 2004 reached USD 28.45 billion with a growth rate of 20.5%, has resulted in GDP per capita reached $ 40,000, and it is certain that the GDP per capita pda Qatar in 2007 will reach $ 45,000.
Through the success of Qatar's GDP per capita reached $ 40,000 in 2004, after diversifying the economy and monetary policy in developing oil and gas industry, has put Qatar on the top state in the economy Gulf states (GCC) with the rate of economic growth on average 7%.
According to sources from Qatar Petroleum Qatar Petroleum that the reserves in September 2004 reached 14.5 billion barrels and will not be discharged exploited over a period of 59 years. While natural gas reserves stood at 900 trillion cubic feet will not be exhausted exploited over a period of 200 years. From the export of petroleum and LNG Qatar has experienced a surplus on the balance of foreign trade, along with the increasing demand for LNG supplies and rising world oil prices.
Along with abundant natural resources of petroleum and natural gas has, has prompted the Government of Qatar to develop some projects in the areas of LNG, among others: Qatar Liquefied Natural Gas Company (Qatargas); Qatar Liquefied Natural Gas Company II (Qatargas II); Qatar Liquefied III Natural Gas Company (Qatargas III); Ras Laffan Liquefied Natural Gas Company (RasGas), Ras Laffan Liquefied Natural Gas Company II (RasGas II), Ras Laffan Liquefied Natural Gas Company III (RasGas III); the Dolphine Project; Al Khalej Gas Project (Enhanced gas utilization project); Oryx GTL Project: Pearl GTL Project; and ConocoPhillips GTL Project.
While several other projects related to raw material gas has been developed by the Government of Qatar, among others: Qatar fertilizer Company (Qafco); Qatar fertilizer IV Company (Qafco-4); Qatar Fuel Additives Company (QAFAC), Qatar Petrochemical Company (QAPCO); Qatar Vinyl Company (QVC), Qatar Chemical Company (QChem); Qatar Chemical Company II (Q-Chem II); Qatofin; Ras Laffan Ethylene Cracker (RLEC); Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB) Project; Aluminium Smelter Project.
Several industrial projects in Qatar which will be built or under construction are as follows:
a. Dolphin Project. This project commenced in May 2005 and is expected to start operating in 2006. This project will supply as many as 2 billion cubic feet of gas per day.
b. Oryx GTL Project, will produce 34,000 barrels of oil per day, namely in the form of naphtha and diesel. Oryx GTL is expected to start production in 2005.
c. Ras Laffan Condensate Refinery, will produce 140,000 barrels per day of condensate materials into diesel and other oils.
d. Al Khaleej Gas Project, will develop the existing oil reserves, to supply gas as much as 1.75 billion cubic feet per day, for domestic consumption and export. The project is expected to be operational in 2005.
e. Ras Laffan Ethylene Cracker-2, which is the largest in the world, will produce 1.5 million metric tons of ethylene per year and be operational in 2007.
f. Methanol Plant, designed to produce 1,500 tons of methanol per day and is planned to be operational in 2008.
g. Helium Plant, planned to supply as many as 10-15% of the market hellium world, by supplying 660 million cubic feet of helium and is expected to reach 1 billion standard cubic feet in 2010.
h. Shell GTL, will have two phases, which will produce 140,000 barrels of GTL products per day.


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